Most foods will not harm your baby, but his or her wellbeing may be affected. Then there are some foods, especially some fish, that really should be avoided. And for colicky babies, breastfeeding mom can make a difference by adjusting her diet.
This article will show you what foods are and aren't appropriate while breastfeeding and why.
The good news is that the body will more or less produce excellent breast milk no matter what you stuff your body with. (OK, within limits!)
The bad news is that if you follow a really bad diet, your body will be depleted of important nutrients, such as iron and calcium. You might become more tired than necessary; get headaches, experience poor complexion, as well as other issues.
My first piece of advice is to remember to eat food in the first place!
It is very easy to not prioritize eating when you have a baby who wants to be in your arms more or less all the time.
So make a choice to eat healthy food or you will almost certainly reach for convenience food such as candy, and other choices that are not that great if you want to feel good and maybe lose some weight!
Below you'll find explanations regarding foods to eat and foods to avoid while nursing based on up-to-date recemmendations.
If you are in a hurry, you can simply grab our complimentary checklist on what to eat while breastfeeding. To download your cheat sheet on foods to eat and avoid while breastfeeding, right-click on the link and choose "save link as".
If your baby tends to be gassy or suffer from tummy pain, it may be wise to exclude foods that are known to increase gas. Such foods are broccoli, cabbage and brussel sprouts.
If you believe that your baby may be suffering from colic, excluding all cow's milk from you diet may help.
However, this really means all cow's milk, including small amounts of milk powder added to all sorts of foods. If you want to try this, first talk to a pediatrician. And remember that it may take weeks before you see any improvement in your baby. (It can of course still be worth trying!)
One study (Maternal Intake of Cruciferous Vegetables and Other Foods and Colic Symptoms in Exclusively Breast-Fed Infants; Journal of the American Dietetic Association
Volume 96, January 1996) found a correlation between infant colic and maternal intake of gassy vegetables, cow's milk, onions and chocolate.
While fish in general is a great source of omega 3 fatty acids (shown in studies to have a positive effect on your baby's IQ), some types of fish are high in mercury. I bet you heard about this when you were pregnant.
The easiest way to go is to continue to avoid the same fish you did while pregnant. According to the FDA/EPA guidelines, you should not eat more than 12 ounces a week (about two servings) of canned "light" tuna and other cooked fish. And you should completely avoid shark, swordfish, king mackerel, and tilefish (also called golden or white snapper). Depending on who you ask, some experts would also recommend avoiding tuna steak, Spanish mackerel, marlin, and grouper.
Make sure you check the guidelines where you live, as there may be other fish that you should avoid too that live in the waters close to your home.
Varieties of fish that are safe to eat while breastfeeding are salmon (that live in oceans), rainbow trout, and canned mackerel. Shrimp, pollock and catfish are also fine.
If you are at home with your baby and tired it is very tempting to have a cup of coffee... and another one...
But is it safe?
Well, according to American Academy of Pediatrics, some caffeine is not likely to affect your baby.
However, large amounts may result in your baby becoming fussy, overactive and have problems settling down. This is because it is hard for your baby's body to get rid of the caffeine, meaning that it tends to build up in his system. So have some coffee if you like, but use it in moderation! Also remember that black and even green tea, chocolate, colas and other soft drinks also contain caffeine.
Red tea is in my view a great alternative to coffee and regular tea, as it doesn’t contain any caffeine. Some studies even indicate that tea may relieve colic.
Does alcohol belong to a list of what to eat while breastfeeding...?
Of course not!
But while you were pregnant, alcohol was really a potential danger for your baby. While breastfeeding, the risk is not at all as high, although some alcohol actually does enter the breast milk.
When you were pregnant, the baby in your stomach would get the same amount of alcohol in his blood as you would, should you have a drink. While breastfeeding, your baby consumes milk containing the same level of alcohol that is in your blood, which means that the baby will consume milk with a very low amount of alcohol. That is a huge difference!
So even though your baby wouldn't get drunk or even be affected if you have a drink, there are other clear disadvantages of consuming alcohol while breastfeeding or while taking care of a baby in general!
One risk is that you might not be as able to take care of your baby. The risk of dropping him increases a lot for example.
The other thing is that you sleep heavier after consuming alcohol. Therefore it can be very dangerous to co-sleep with your baby after drinking alcohol. (This is true for dads too!)
Also there are a few studies that indicate that your let down reflex (milk production) may be impaired after consuming alcohol. One study also found a 23% lower breast milk intake on average by infants after their mom had consumed alcohol. Why this happened was not explained.
If you do want to have a glass of wine or a drink, wait at least two hours before breastfeeding if possible. This way the alcohol has disappeared from the milk.
Remember to drink a lot of water, since alcohol can dehydrate you.
Never ever get drunk while you are responsible for your baby - breastfeeding or not!
Maybe it goes without saying, but consuming a lot of alcohol may very well affect your baby when you are breastfeeding. There are studies that show slower motoric development among babies whose mother consumes alcohol on a daily basis.