When you are 16 weeks pregnant, your baby is getting stronger and is in constant movement. Small kicks or something similar to gas bubbles or a muscle twitch may very well be your baby saying hello.
The risk of miscarriage is low now, and if you are still worrying – stop, and start enjoying your pregnancy instead.
This article will cover fetal development, how big your baby is, what month you are actually in, pregnancy symptoms, and what’s happening with your belly and body, mom.
What to Expect at 16 Weeks Pregnant
In this article…
How Many Months is 16 Weeks Pregnant?
Counting weeks and months during pregnancy can be quite confusing.
A month is typically not 4 exact weeks, but rather 4.5 weeks.
We say that pregnancy is 9 months, but 40 weeks… It doesn’t really go together and is due to the mismatch between weeks and months. This is why most doctors don’t talk about months at all, only weeks!
There is also a difference between which month you are in and how many months pregnant you are.
You think of it the same ways as with how old you are: You are 30 years old, once completed 30 years…
You are 3 months pregnant when you have completed 3 months of pregnancy. So when 16 weeks pregnant, you are 3 months pregnant, but in your fourth month. (But stop counting months! :-) )
You are in the second trimester.
Your Baby at 16 Weeks
How Big is my Baby at 16 Weeks?
The fetal age of your baby is now 14 weeks. It’s growing time!
When you are 16 weeks pregnant your baby will begin to increase in size dramatically.
Right now, your little one is about the size of a big avocado, approximately 4.5 inches long (11.5 cm) and 3.5 ounces (100 gram).
With all this growth, your little one may be getting a little snugger inside of you and if you haven’t felt any movement yet, you will shortly.
What Does my Baby Look Like at 16 Weeks Pregnant?
Your baby can now make faces, although not intentionally yet. But the facial muscles are working overtime and it is possible to distinguish expressions now such as frowning, squinting, or even smiling from right within your womb.
The size of your baby’s head is becoming more in proportion with the rest of the body.
Fetal Development When 16 Weeks Pregnant
Thumb sucking can be seen if you have an ultrasound during this week, and as the bones harden, those kicks will get stronger and stronger.
The baby’s heart is beating at a rate of anywhere from 117 to 157 beats per minute and if you are still trying to guess your baby’s gender, there’s an old wives tale that the heart rate is a predictor of that.
Want to guess? Well, according to hearsay, a fetal heart rate consistently over 140 beats per minute means that it is a girl, and if below 140 it is a boy. So now you know ;-)
The pattern of the hair on the scalp is forming and may be visible.
Although you can’t see them yet, there are tiny little toenails on those baby feet that kick you each day – whether you notice it yet or not. You may need to even cut them shortly after birth if they are too long by that time.
If you have decided NOT to check your baby’s gender – or you have already found out – then it can be time to start creating your baby registry! Wow, already!? Yes, why not? It is fun, and you can let it slowly evolve over time.
Mom’s Body when 16 Weeks Pregnant
Your Belly at 16 Weeks
At this time, the top of the uterus has grown to about halfway between the pubic hairline and the belly button. Try lying down on your back, and press gently on your stomach to locate your uterus. Pretty cool!
During this week, you may feel the baby move, but if this is your first pregnancy, you may not recognize the movements until around 18 or 20 weeks.
It can take some time to realize exactly what is going on inside of you, but once you feel that first kick, you are sure to remember it!
Many unattractive side effects of pregnancy can include bleeding gums, loss of hair, nosebleeds, and cramping.
You may also get varicose veins.
If you’re starting to feel a bit uncomfortable when lying flat on your back, you are not imagining things.
Lying on your back can lead to low blood pressure for some women. Try lying on your side instead!
If it is any help; at least you are not alone in your pregnancy struggles. Many other women experience some, if not all of these side effects sometime during their pregnancy.
Things to Do and Buy in Week 16
Don’t forget to talk to your baby; your little one can hear you, and many parents will talk to their babies well before they are born as part of their own way to make that parental connection before birth.
Some women find that keeping a journal helps to remember those questions that you think of between appointments but can’t seem to remember when the time comes.
A pregnancy journal is also great fun as a memory. This special time never comes back! (You can read my journal below. And please share your own in comments below, lots of moms would love to read it!)
Some parents start preparing their lives in more ways than one, drawing up a will, changing beneficiaries, or even getting life insurance are important aspects that need to be addressed once you have dependents to take care of.
Start creating a baby registry, if you haven’t. I personally love Amazon for that!
Week 16 Pregnancy Video
Diary of a Daughter
What’s it really like being 16 weeks pregnant…? Here’s a true diary from a 16 weeks pregnant mom (Me..!)
Now anyone can see that I’m pregnant. At least I think so. But I do still have one pair of jeans that I can wear. I went maternity shopping today. Great fun! But most trousers are still too big. Why don’t they have maternity wear for different stages of pregnancy?
Are you also 16 weeks pregnant? Please share your experiences and thoughts by leaving a comment below!
More About the Second Trimester
- Weight gain during pregnancy, what is normal and not
- See what your baby is up to in these fetal development videos
- Breast changes during pregnancy and beyond
Mayo Clinic, Mayo Clinic Guide to a Healthy Pregnancy
Joanne Stone MD and Keith Eddleman MD, The Pregnancy Bible: Your Complete Guide to Pregnancy and Early Parenthood
Nilsson, L; Hamberger, L. A Child Is Born
Soderberg, L., Mammapraktika. B Wahlstroms.