Children's Eating Habits
We Have A Lot to Learn!
From time to time your child's eating habits are likely to occupy your mind. One mom I talked to said:
"My baby doesn't eat - I have to force feed him at night when he is asleep..."
My first thought when I heard this was:
No wonder he is not eating during the day, if he gets all the food he needs while asleep at night!
Well, there are of course situations when children have real problems that should be addressed with the help of specialists.
Maybe this was such a case.
But in general, we parents probably worry way too much about our children's eating habits. A very common example of that is when a child transfers from breastfeeding to formula or solid foods. The minute mom can start controlling and measuring how much her baby eats, she starts to worry that the baby eating too much or too little. While breastfeeding that is much harder and therefore we tend to trust our babies hunger signals to a much larger extent.
Below you will learn what research has shown about children's eating habits. They do have some natural habits that we as adults really should follow!
Children's Eating Habits; What Research Says
How much do children eat?
If we don't interfere, our children will eat as much as they need. Being a very natural thing to do to survive, children want to eat and are fully capable of regulating their intake of food. Think of it, even when newborn, babies stop eating when they are full. How ever much you try, you won't be able to force a full baby to eat. He will cry, spit and turn his head away if you try. Why would not an 8-month old or a 2-year-old be able to regulate his or her intake when he/she could already at birth?
Trust your baby!
It may also be good to know that children are inconsistent in their eating habits. One day they'll eat a lot, the next day very little. One day your kid loves potatoes, the next day he'll refuse to even taste one piece. That's normal behavior for a child.
New foodsChildren, as well as adults, learn to like foods that they eat often. Children are skeptical to new tastes and need time and experience to appreciate new foods.
Knowing this, remember to never force your child to try new tastes. Instead, encourage your child, and try to make the new foods interesting.
One way of doing this is to try it yourself. Many babies know very well from early on that they are served something completely different from what the rest of the family gets. Trying what is on you plate can be irresistible!
Our third kid was (and is) very picky when it comes to trying new foods. But when I took small pieces of broccoli (which he usually hates) from my plate and gave to him, he was so excited and happy and ate all of them!
Research shows that children that often eat alone become pickier than kids that eat together with adults. So eat together!
Some fairly new research also indicates that babies' food preferences maybe to some extent determined already while fully breastfed, because what mom eats will affect the taste of the breast milk. Read more here about the connection between mom's diet and the taste of her breast milk.
What do children eat?Your child will eat the food because it tastes good. This is obvious when feeding babies, but for quite old kids, telling them that they should eat, because the tomatoes are healthy or "good for you" simply won't work. Children are not able make that kind of choices until they are around 10 or 11 years old.
This is why it is so important that parents make an effort to serve food that both tastes good and in healthy!
When should children eat?Children, especially young children, need and love routines. That goes for the eating habits too. If you serve meals according to a relatively regular schedule, you child is likely to have a better appetite.
For example, if you wait for too long with serving dinner, your baby might be so tired that despite being hungry, he won't eat.
The parents' role
Parents can really help giving their children good eating habits. Or bad...
If we pick on them, force them to eat, use fatty foods as praise or consolation and make our kids eat alone most of the time, we can really ruin their natural eating habits.
On the other hand, it we eat together with our kids, serve them healthy food they like, combined with a few new foods now and then, and let the child decide how much to eat, their eating habits are likely to develop well.
A notable American dietitian, Ellen Satter has some golden rules to avoid power struggles at the dinner table:
The parents' responsibility is to:
The children's responsibility is to:
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